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READ Line in the Sand ☆ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ´ Line in the Sand details the dramatic transformation of the western US Mexico border from its creation at the end of the Mexican American War in 1848 to the emergence of the modern boundary line in the first decades of the twentieth century In this sweeping narrative Rachel St JAws ad hoc arrangements government agents and physical barriers that did not close the line but made it a flexible barrier that restricted the movement of some people goods and animals without impeding others By the 1930s their efforts had created the foundations of the modern border control apparatus Drawing on extensive research in US and Mexican archives Line in the Sand weaves together a transnational history of how an undistinguished strip of land became the significant and symbolic space of state power and national definition that we know tod. Lots of stuff I didn't know before

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Line in the Sand details the dramatic transformation of the western US Mexico border from its creation at the end of the Mexican American War in 1848 to the emergence of the modern boundary line in the first decades of the twentieth century In this sweeping narrative Rachel St John explores how this boundary changed from a mere line on a map to a clearly marked and heavily regulated divide between the United States and Mexico Focusing on the desert border to the west of the Rio Grande this book explains the origins of the modern border and places t. A Harvard professor Rachel St John has just published a useful and comprehensive short history of the western US Mexico border meaning from El Paso to San DiegoIt is a tale that approaches geography as a multiform kind of space social space indigenous space national identity space commercial space smuggling space and so forthEarly on as history records the United States found ways to take what we call the northern portion of the US Mexico border from Mexico by purchase diplomacy and political supremacy based on population Thereafter both Mexico and the US found the new border between our two countries hard to define as a literal line in the sand and even difficult to define as an emblem of state power my law is the only law on this sideyour law is the only law on that sideHaving worked and lived on the border for a number of years I know what a rough ambiguous and violent place it can be There are things I have seen in the canyons north of Tijuana right at the US border that have no place in what 999% of Americans would think to be American Subseuent wallbuilding has uieted some of the action but there is an ethical ugliness to the way we have approached migration and smuggling that is harsh and constant One doesn’t have to know what to do to change things although I have a few notions to recognize that there is something wrong all along the border and not just the western borderBetter books to reveal the harsh realities of the border’s past and present are novels like Cormac MacCarthy’s Blood Meridian and Roberto Bolaños’ 2666 Both excel in depicting mindless violence generally driven by greed but going beyond that So reading Blood Meridian and 2666 is one prescription I’d offer for a national elevation of consciousness about the border We in the US need to face the fact that our insatiable appetite for drugs cocaine etc is what fuels the astonishing violence and corruption that travels from our border all the way to Bolivia The only way to change this is through the earliest kinds of childhood intervention and family support programs Bad neighborhoods broken families and bad schools breed drug use Good neighborhoods ostensibly united families and good schools breed drug use too Every family in American with young children needs help facing the torments and temptations of illicit drugs Until we slow down consumption we won’t slow down the killing on our own streets and further southIllegal immigration is another important issue that breeds great misery both north and south of the border Right now we’re in an ebb tide because jobs are scarce in the US construction industry and enforcement is up but that will change Right now then would be a good time to face the fact that it would be better for Mexicans and others to enter the US under organized worker programs we’ve had them before than to play cat and mouse with desperate souls in the deathly deserts of the southwest Walls can’t be built high enough when the jobs are here to feed families As Janet Napolitano said once “Show me a fifty foot wall and I’ll show you a fifty one foot ladder” By the same token I have seen massive walls on the border smashed through by even massive bulldozers Brazen You bet The border is a life and death proposition for hundreds of thousands even millions of peopleBut again my practical thoughts aside I point to the value of fiction versus history in exploring certain complex events and regions The St John book is informative but not moving The Bolaños and MacCarthy novels are riveting revelations and summons to action

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Line in the SandHe line at the center of a transnational history of expanding capitalism and state power in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries Moving across local regional and national scales St John shows how government officials Native American raiders ranchers railroad builders miners investors immigrants and smugglers contributed to the rise of state power on the border and developed strategies to navigate the increasingly regulated landscape Over the border's history the US and Mexican states gradually developed an expanding array of official l. This is a history of the part of the US Mexican border west of the Rio Grande river from its initial specification and ratification by treaty after the Mexican war and the Gadsen Purchase up until the 1930s The book presents an evolving view of the border world from the wild west to the Guilded Age to Prohibition to the Depression Theer are interesting points and the book is well written it is clearly a dissertation that has been worked up into a book Not a lot that is surprising but lots of good stuff to know and consistent with what was happening in the US and the world overall during the period I suspect the author should be sending residuals to Trump for the nenewed interest in the border and immigration but as the author shows there have been ugly politics around the border for a very long time