READ & DOWNLOAD ☆ The Battle of Midway

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READ & DOWNLOAD ☆ The Battle of Midway Í There are few moments in American history in which the course of events tipped so suddenly and so dramatically as at the Battle of Midway At dawn of June 4 1942 a rampaging Japanese navy ruled the Pacific By sunset their vaunted carrier force the Kido Butai had been sunk and their grip on the PacificTheir ships that contributed to their defeat The author's account of the battle itself is masterful weaving together the many disparate threads of attack attacks which failed in the early going that ultimately created a five minute window in which three of the four Japanese carriers were mortally wounded changing the course of the Pacific war in an eye blinkSymonds is the first historian to argue that the victory at Midway was not simply a matter of luck pointing out that Nimitz had eual forces superior intelligence and the element of surprise Nimitz had a strong hand Symonds concludes and he rightly expected to w. The Battle of Midway by Craig Symonds is an excellent addition to the Pivotal Moments in American History series This book provides a critical look at the time between Pearl Harbor and just after the Battle of Midway where America was finding its way against the combined fleet of the Japanese Navy The book includes a discussion of Pearl Harbor and its impact on naval operations as well as the Doolittle raid that followed Some time is spent on the Battle of the Coral Sea as well as the victories of the Japanese navy in the Philippines and elsewhere in the Pacific to Indian Ocean The books primary focus is on the destruction of the Kido Butai the combined fleet of carriers that the Japanese had put into battle Although outnumbered in carriers the US carriers had some advantages in terms of armor and firefighting systems that would prove important when the Japanese believe they had sunk carriers that could return to active duty uickly Symonds does an excellent job covering the successes and the failures on both sides of the war at Midway and easily sells the reader that this was the turning point in the Pacific forcing the Japanese onto the defensive Overall a very well written narrative and one of the best books in the series


Devastating Japanese attack and describes the key events leading to the climactic battle including both Coral Sea the first battle in history against opposing carrier forces and Jimmy Doolittle's daring raid of Tokyo He focuses throughout on the people involved offering telling portraits of Admirals Nimitz Halsey Spruance and numerous other Americans as well as the leading Japanese figures including the poker loving Admiral Yamamoto Indeed Symonds sheds much light on the aspects of Japanese culture such as their single minded devotion to combat which led to poorly ard planes and inadeuate fire safety measures on. I almost skipped over this book as over the years I have read so many books about the Battle of Midway; I thought to myself do I want to read another book on this subject I am glad I did decide to read this book as I learned about the battle from itMidway was a pivotal battle of WWII Symond is a professor emeritus from the U S Naval Academy Many historians including Symonds have compared the Battle of Midway to that of Lord Nelson’s win at the Battle of Trafalgar The comparison is apt as both battles had far reaching effects on the course of the conflict during which they occurredThe US Navy was on a defensive position after Pearl Harbor At the battle of Midway the Japanese lost four of the largest aircraft carriers with their crews and aircraft The US Navy gained a strategic initiative that it maintained for the rest of the WarSymond insist that victory was the result of decisions and actions taken by certain individuals He proceeds during the book to build his case Symond recounts and explains the events of the battle both from the Japanese and American viewpointSymond also covers the story of the Navy code breakers and how critical that was to the success of the battle as the Navy knew the Japanese intentions At the end of the book Symonds reviews what happened to each of the key people after the WarSymond provides a lucid intensely researched account of the battle of Midway If you are interested in WWII history this is book you must read I read this as an audiobook downloaded from Audible James Lurie narrated the book

Craig L. Symonds ↠ 1 READ & DOWNLOAD

The Battle of MidwayThere are few moments in American history in which the course of events tipped so suddenly and so dramatically as at the Battle of Midway At dawn of June 4 1942 a rampaging Japanese navy ruled the Pacific By sunset their vaunted carrier force the Kido Butai had been sunk and their grip on the Pacific had been loosened foreverIn this absolutely riveting account of a key moment in the history of World War II one of America's leading naval historians Craig L Symonds paints an unforgettable portrait of ingenuity courage and sacrifice Symonds begins with the arrival of Admiral Chester A Nimitz at Pearl Harbor after the. “There are few moments in American history in which the course of events tipped so suddenly and dramatically as it did on June 4 1942 At ten o’clock that morning the Axis powers were winning the Second World WarIn the Pacific Japan had just completed a triumphant six month rampage attacking and wrecking Allied bases from the Indian Ocean to the mid Pacific following the crippling of the US battle fleet at Pearl Harbor Japan’s Mobile Striking Force the Kidō Butai was at that moment on the verge of consolidating command of the Pacific by eliminating what the strike at Pearl Harbor had missed America’s aircraft carriers The outcome of the war balanced on a knife edge but clearly leaned toward the Axis powersAn hour later the balance had shifted the other way” Craig L Symonds The Battle of MidwayFor lovers of decisive battles and high drama the allure of the Battle of Midway is irresistible On June 4 1942 two American carrier task forces confronted the mighty Japanese Kidō Butai around the pinprick of an island known as Midway There over the course of a day filled with mistakes errors wrong moves and faulty logic along with an inordinate amount of courage and self sacrifice the US Navy sank four Japanese aircraft carriers for the cost of one of their own After Midway there was still a lot of fighting to go Tens of thousands men along with tens of thousands civilians would die before it ended But at the end of June 4 the best laid plans of Japan were irrevocably destroyed Soon the Americans would land on Guadalcanal and the Japanese would spend the rest of the war fighting from their heels It is I believe going a bit far to claim that the fate of the world hung in the balance at Midway though it certainly felt that way at the time After all in the worst case scenario for the Americans they would have lost an island the Japanese could not hold along with the bulk of their carrier forces Nonetheless the US Navy had no fewer than twelve aircraft carriers ready to go on line within the next year By the time the dust settled in 1945 America would have churned out the greatest naval force in history This reality should not detract from what was actually at stake Moreover it does not change the fact that to a tremendous extent – not seen in land battles with their undifferentiated masses of men – the clash at Midway turned on the individual decisions of oftentimes low ranked men These men – by and large American pilots – changed the course of the war by their willingness to hazard all and lose all in order to strike a blow The battle of Midway has been told before by some of the most famous historians of the Second World War Specifically I am talking about Walter Lord’s Incredible Victory and Gordon Prange’s Miracle at Midway In this crowded arena made crowded by Parshall and Tully’s Shattered Sword which is fantastic is there room for another volume on this famous duel of carriers The answer Yes Especially if that volume is written by Craig Symonds Symonds is a noted naval historian who teaches American history at Annapolis Recently he produced the epic and sweeping World War II at Sea Despite a propensity for blunt and artless titles come on get creative Symonds is an excellent narrative historian with a real gift for the art of storytelling Just as important he is capable of perceptive and learned judgments In the totally made up ranking system I have in my head I believe that all great history books need to combine three elements novelistic set pieces because history is exciting; biographies of the main players because history is made by people not Tolstoy’s invisible forces; and impeccable research because if you’re twisting the record you’re wasting my time Symonds does all three at a high level Despite its relative brevity 366 pages of text plus some worthwhile appendices Symonds’s The Battle of Midway begins well before the titular fight He starts with a highly informative comparison of the culture and armaments of both the Japanese and US Navies while listing the advantages and disadvantages of both sides The thing I appreciated most about these early chapters is that Symonds explains concepts that are often ignored For instance he describes the process of dive bombing in a way that is not only informative but gave me an incredible appreciation for the difficulty of the task and the sheer guts it took to pull it off This front loading of technological detail pays dividends later during the account of the battle itself Symonds also takes you through early carrier operations in the Pacific War including the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo and the Battle of the Coral Sea This provides a nice context if you haven’t read anything about Midway before and is done skillfully enough that even those who have covered this ground er water before will not be bored And of course Symonds covers the American intelligence coup by Commander Joseph Rochefort and his analysts who correctly divined Japanese intentions and gave Admiral Chester Nimitz the information he needed to take some calculated risks The battle itself is handled with skill and verve and a special attention to forging a coherent timeline out of a chaotic mess Because of their foreknowledge the Americans were able to surprise the Japanese at Midway This benefit was almost suandered entirely away due to uncoordinated piecemeal attacks and substandard technology especially the slow Devastator torpedo bombers with their uestionable torpedoes Indeed the battle opened with a sortie from the USS Hornet led by Stanhope Ring which would live in infamy as the “flight to nowhere” The only planes from the Hornet to find the Japanese did so after a pseudo mutiny when Lieutenant Commander John Waldron left Ring and took his suadron in a different direction If you are unfamiliar with Midway it is worth noting that Waldron led Torpedo 8 one of the most famous small units in military history Attacking without fighter cover Torpedo 8 was massacred Only one man Ensign George Gay survived floating in the water after being shot down In early retellings of the battle Torpedo 8 was given credit for distracting the Japanese fighters long enough for the dive bombers to deliver the death blow This interpretation has been hotly disputed and dismissed as the ex post facto glorifying of a tragic blunder In Symonds view though Torpedo 8 deserves its accolades Along with several other failed torpedo suadron attacks and earlier failed high level bombings the constant though ineffectual American pressure left the Japanese carriers exposed Symonds demonstrates this by continually reminding us of the constrains faced by airmen on both sides In particular planes had limited fuel which was burnt uickly as planes tried to gain altitude and limited ammunition which could be expended entirely within a minute Thus the botched torpedo runs did in fact put the Japanese in a bad position with fighters that were low on fuel and ammo That’s when the Dauntless dive bombers arrived Because the Zeros were still focused on Lem Massey’s torpedo bombers they were unable to interfere even minimally with the attack Moreover the guns of Kaga’s antiair battery were still at low angle With the shouted warnings the gun crews furiously began to crank the ship’s sixteen five inch guns up to the vertical position but it took only about forty seconds for the first of the plunging American bombers to reach the release pointThe first three bombs all missed but the fourth plane piloted by Earl Gallaherplaced its 500 pound bomb suarely atop the flight deck of the big flattop It was the first time all morning that American ordinance had found a target The 500 pound bombs had a fuse with a 001 second delay so that it pierced the flight deck before exploding in the crew’s berthing compartments starting the first of many fires that would eventually consume the big ship That hit was followed by two misses and then by several hits in succession One bomb struck on or near the forward elevator and penetrated to the hangar deck; another smashed into the flight deck amidships and yet another hit suarely on the Kaga’s small island structure killing Captain Okada and most of the senior officers rendering the Kaga leaderlessLike all big historical events Midway has its share of controversies and romances legends and myths The accomplishment of The Battle of Midway is not in unearthing anything that was previously unknown and it is definitely not in coming up with an interesting title Rather its accomplishment is in harnessing a huge uantity of oft conflicting information and molding it into something both highly readable and easily understood When speaking of Midway Prime Minister Winston Churchill later remarked that the “annals of war at sea present no intense heart shaking shock than this battle” Churchill of course was prone to exaggeration but in this instance he wasn’t wrong In The Battle of Midway Symonds proves the validity of Churchill’s conclusion with crisp narration cool judgment and no distracting hyperbole