EPUB Baudolino

EBOOK Ô EPUB Baudolino ä FREE Ð It is April 1204 and Constantinople the splendid capital of the Byzantine Empire is being sacked and burned by the knights of the Fourth Crusade Amid the carnage and confusion one Baudolino saves a historian and high court official from certain death at the hands of the crusading warriors and proceeds to telOut in search of Prester John a legendary priest king said to rule over a vast kingdom in the East a phantasmagorical land of strange creatures with eyes on their shoulders and mouths on their stomachs of eunuchs unicorns and lovely maidens With dazzling digressions outrageous tricks extraordinary feeling and vicarious reflections on our postmodern age this is Eco the storyteller at his brilliant bes So many stories are themselves about stories and storytelling There is something about this basic act of creation and communication that captivates the human mind and spirit Storytelling necessarily blurs the line between truth and falsehood; there is no way to relate any story even history with perfect truth for we are all fallible and subjective beings And history—that patchwork uilt of stories that make the grandest narrative of them all—is probably lies than truth We are blessed or cursed with a surfeit of information and records In the past history was as much myth as anything else a conflation of received wisdom passed down through oral histories and the texts that had been preserved in monasteries or libraries Moreover the standards by which we judge what is true have changed as wellSo it was with much pleasure that I found myself gradually warming to Baudolino this year’s annual year end Umberto Eco read The eponymous hero rescues Niketas a court historian and official at Constantinople during its sacking in 1204 This becomes the frame story for Baudolino’s other adventures from his childhood adoption by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa to his “discovery” of the Holy Grail and his uest to deliver it to the mythical kingdom of Prester John Throughout the narrative through the audience of Niketas Eco reminds us to challenge and uestion Baudolino’s story—for he himself admits he is an accomplished liar and plenty of episodes in this tale attest to that fact Baudolino revisits familiar themes from other Eco novels I have read and once again Eco proves himself one of the most intelligent insightful and interesting authors I’ve ever discoveredEco’s historical fiction captivates me because he puts his expertise as a medieval historian and semiotician to work to create authentic medieval individuals I’m neither of those things but I did take a course in Medieval Tudor Drama in my undergrad days and I’ve also stayed at a Holiday Inn One of the most important things I learned from that class was the gulf in thought that exists between medieval people and twenty first century people It’s not just a uestion of knowledge Medieval society had a completely different view of the world one steeped in spiritualism mysticism and religiosity that in turn resulted in almost alien ways of thinking In Baudolino and similarly in The Name of the Rose and The Island of the Day Before Eco manages to tap into this different way of thinking as much as is possible This makes the novels somewhat harder to read—because of the way the characters speak and act—but I love being able to slip if only briefly and superficially into the medieval mindsetFor an example of this consider the kingdom of Prester John the hunt for which becomes the focus of the last third of Baudolino The novel includes several examples of contemporary mappa mundi maps of the world as people saw it at the time discussing the possible location of the kingdom among the “three Indias” Thanks to centuries of maritime and aerial exploration not to mention satellite mapping we have an exhaustive idea of what the Earth looks like and where everything is give or take a few nonexistent islands The wider world was a much mysterious place to twelfth century Europeans Places such as the Antipodes Ultima Thule and the Kingdom of Prester John were taken to exist simply because others had written about them—even if one was not uite sure where on a map these places might be located I just found it fascinating to put myself in the mindset of someone who had such uncertainty about the disposition of the rest of the worldBaudolino eventually persuades his adoptive father to mount an expedition to meet with Prester John Before that happens however he oversees the forging of a letter from Prester John to Frederick an episode inspired by an actual incident involving a letter purportedly from Prester John which might be an early example of a viral message And he “discovers” the Holy Grail which he proposes Frederick might present to the vaunted Prester as a token of mutual respect between two leaders of Christian kingdoms In both cases Baudolino is perpetrating a bald faced deception in the name of what he perceives as a greater good This proves to be something Baudolino does time and again as we see when he mediates between Frederick and the city Alessandria which grew out of his own home village Through clever tricks and no small amount of dissembling Baudolino averts war several times over while managing to allow both sides to save faceOnce on the hunt for the kingdom of Prester John Baudolino in a section reminiscent of Gulliver’s Travels encounters a strange land with creatures from classical mythology skiapods and blemmyes and unicorns and satyrs Once again Eco reifies the mythical in order to demonstrate how close mythology and reality were to peoples of the 12th century It’s easy to scoff at what we perceive as ignorance but there is a fine epistemological point here Baudolino and his comrades are as convinced of the veracity of their knowledge as we are of ours Though full of fabrications himself Baudolino sets off looking for the kingdom in earnest While scientific method has certainly yielded important facts about the universe we have our share of apocryphal anecdotes and even untrue certainties about the way the world works Just look at how we teach the science of flight which is in reality so very complex to elementary school studentsThrough the frame story and the stories Baudolino tells within his own narrative we see how the careful use of fiction can affect the course of world events Falsehood can uickly become truth and lies can outlive the liar Baudolino’s original Letter to Prester John initially shelved rather than given to Frederick somehow inspires one in the court of the Byzantine emperor The Grail that he fabricates spawns a host of myths and uests all their own with one of his companions commenting that it’s the search for the Grail that truly matters and that it would be awful if anyone ever actually found it Once a story has left the mouth or pen of the writer it takes on an independence that can never be reclaimed and despite the teller’s original intentions the story mutates and evolves of its own accord perhaps becoming unrecognizable in the processBaudolino is a blend of mystery and mysticism mythology and medieval thought It’s story and history intertwined to make something entirely uniue and impressive I hesitate to rank it next to Umberto Eco’s other efforts—it seems to share aspects with all of them attesting to Eco’s ongoing fascination with the distinctions between truth and falsehood and how we verify history At times this book is hard to read—no strike that this book in general can be difficult to grasp if one is not careful because Eco tries his best to allow the reader to experience the medieval perspective on the world in all its temporal and spiritual layers But reading it is an effort and an experience that is well worth it in my opinion As always Eco makes me think and ponder upon what we know to be true and how we know it This is always a valuable and cherished result of reading any book and in this respect Eco doesn’t let me downThis is one of my annual Umberto Eco reviews

Umberto Eco ☆ Baudolino BOOK

It is April 1204 and Constantinople the splendid capital of the Byzantine Empire is being sacked and burned by the knights of the Fourth Crusade Amid the carnage and confusion one Baudolino saves a historian and high court official from certain death at the hands of the crusading warriors and proceeds to tell his own fantastical storyBorn a simple peasant in northern Italy Baudolino has two major gift Baudolino Umberto EcoBaudolino is a 2000 novel by Umberto Eco about the adventures of a man named Baudolino in the known and mythical Christian world of the 12th century In the year of 1204 Baudolino of Alessandria enters Constantinople unaware of the Fourth Crusade that has thrown the city into chaos In the confusion he meets Niketas Choniates and saves his life Niketas is amazed by his language genius speaking many languages he has never heard and on the uestion if he is not part of the crusade who is he? Baudolino begins to recount his life story to Niketas His story begins in 1155 when Baudolino a highly talented Italian peasant boy is sold to and adopted by the emperor Frederick I At court and on the battlefield he is educated in reading and writing Latin and learns about the power struggles and battles of northern Italy at the time He is sent to Paris to become a scholar تاریخ نخستین خوانش روز هفدهم ماه سپتامبر سال 2010میلادیعنوان بائو دولینو؛ نویسنده اومبرتو اکو؛ مترجم رضا علیزاده؛ تهران، روزنه، 1386؛ در 672ص؛ شابک 9643342506؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان ایتالیائی سده 20مبائو دولینو، بسیار خواندنی است، اما هنوز هم باور ندارم، با یکبار خوانش، بتوانم درکش کنم؛ «اومبرتو اکو»، استاد نشانه شناسی در دانشگاه «بولونیا»، و نویسندهء ی رمانهای پر خوانشگر هستند، و روانشان شادمان، ایشان صاحب امتیاز مقالات بسیاری نیز بوده اند؛ ایشان زاده ی «آلساندریا» در ایتالیا هستند، و در «میلان» زندگی میکردند، که در روز نوزدهم ماه فوریه سال 2016میلادی، به سرزمین نور پر کشیدند؛ از رمانهای نام آشنای ایشان، میتوان به «نام گل سرخ؛ و آونگ فوکو» اشاره کرد؛ رمان، سراسر شرح سفرهای دور و درازی ست، که «بائودولینو» ماجراجویانه، پشت سر میگذارد؛ رمان «بائودولینو» را به دو بخش، میتوان تقسیم کردبخش نخست از آغاز رمان تا مرگ «فردریک کبیر» را دربر میگیرد؛ این بخش بیست و پنج فصل از کتاب است، و از لحاظ برخورد با واقعیت بیرونی، کاملاً رئالیستی میباشد؛ سفرها و جابجاییهای زمانی و مکانی موجود در رمان، یا به بهانه ی شرح لشکرکشیهای «فردریک» است به «ایتالیا»، و بویژه به «میلان»، یا رخدادهائی است، که بر «بائودولینو» در سفرش به «پاریس»، و تحصیل در آن شهر بر او میگذرد؛ اما هنگامیکه «فردریک»، در جریان لشکرکشی خویش بمنظور حضور در جنگهای صلیبی، میمیرد؛ پانزده فصل پایانی، بخش دوم فضای رمان را شکل میدهد؛ «بائودولینو» و همراهانش، به قصد سرزمین «کشیش یوحنا»، راهی شرق مرموز میشوند، تا واپسین قول «بائودولینو» به پدرخوانده اش «فردریک» را، که تقدیم «فیالجه» یا همان «جام مقدس» به کشیش یوحنا است، ادا کنند؛ در این بخش دوم، سطح رمان، هماره میان «رئالیسم» بخش نخست، و نوعی فرار از واقعیتگرایی، در نوسان است؛ موجودات عجیب و غریب، ماجراهای غیررئالیستی، و کشف سرزمینهایی، با موجودات «عجیب الخلقه»، تنه ی اصلی این بخش است؛ در واقع، اگر بخش نخست رمان، خوانشگر را به یاد یک اثر کلاسیک، و زیبای «لارنس استرن»، یعنی «تریسترام شندی» میاندازد، در بخش دوم با «جاناتان سویفت»، و «سفرهای گالیور»، شباهتی باورنکردنی دارد؛ از سوی دیگر، وجود عنصر «جام مقدس» یا چنانکه در رمان از آن نام برده میشود «فیالجه»، خوانشگر را به یاد بخشی از رمانسهای سده های میانی میلادی، درباره ی جستجوهای شوالیه ها، برای یافتن «جام مقدس» میاندازد؛ «جام مقدسی» که در رمان «بائودولینو» نیز، همچنان ناشناخته، و مرموز، و دست نیافتنی، باقی میماند، و به رغم اینکه تنها خوانشگر و «بائودولینو» میدانند که جام موردنظر همان پیاله ی چوبی پدر «بائودولینو» هستتاریخ بهنگام رسانی 30081399هجری خورشدی؛ ا شربیانی

EPUB ï ☆ Umberto Eco

BaudolinoS a talent for learning languages and a skill in telling lies When still a boy he meets a foreign commander in the woods charming him with his uick wit and lively mind The commander who proves to be Emperor Frederick Barbarossa adopts Baudolino and sends him to the university in Paris where he makes a number of fearless adventurous friendsSpurred on by myths and their own reveries this merry band sets Umberto Eco who previously gave us The Name of the Rose and Foucault’s Pendulum gives us a fantasy historical novel about the fictional right hand man to Frederick the First 1122 1190 also known as Barbarossa emperor of the Holy Roman Empire Our hero Baudolino is a kind of Henry Kissinger sent off by the emperor to make peace conduct negotiations and threaten war Baudolino is an inveterate liar and stretcher of the truth so when he undertakes a multi year mission to find the mythical Prester John the exaggeration and fantasy reach a peak The whole book is structured as a story told to a comrade near the end of Baudolino’s life He indeed finds all the mythical creatures shown on maps of that era – s mermaids various dragons men with eyes in their stomachs A lot of the lands visited are from Jewish mythology and in addition to searching for the Christian figure Prester John a compatriot who accompanies them is searching for the lost tribes of Israel This is the time of the Crusades and tongue in cheek Eco acuaints us with the origin of sacred relics At one time the expedition is carrying six heads of John the Baptist for barter It’s a fascinating tale; a bit long at 400 pages but a good read none the less particularly for those who like historical novels We also get an occasional taste of the scientific and philosophical debates of the Medieval Era as in discussions of the existence of the vacuum and the Holy Ghost