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Inhuman Bondage The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New WorldAvery in the American South describing black slaveholding planters the rise of the Cotton Kingdom the daily life of ordinary slaves the highly destructive internal long distance slave trade the sexual exploitation of slaves the emergence of an African American culture and much But though centered on the United States the book offers a global perspective spanning four continents It is the only study of American slavery that reaches back to ancient foundations discussing the classical and biblical justifications for chattel bondage and also traces the long evolution of anti black racism as in the writings of David Hume and Immanuel Kant among many others Eually important it combines the subjects of slavery and abolitionism as very few books do and it illuminates the meaning of ni. This work is simply one of a handful of important books I think most people ought to read Professor Davis realized the inherent horror of human bondage and the clear failure of human enterprise and imagination to accept establish and maintain this primary evil I am not capable of praising it acutely

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Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World Free read ↠ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú David Brion Davis has long been recognized as the leading authority on slavery in the Western World His books have won every major history award inNeteenth century slave conspiracies and revolts with a detailed comparison with 3 major revolts in the British Caribbean It connects the actual life of slaves with the crucial place of slavery in American politics and stresses that slavery was integral to America's success as a nation not a marginal enterprise A definitive history by a writer deeply immersed in the subject Inhuman Bondage offers a compelling narrative that links together the profits of slavery the pain of the enslaved and the legacy of racism It is the ultimate portrait of the dark side of the American dream Yet it offers an inspiring example as well the story of how abolitionists barely a fringe group in the 1770s successfully fought in the space of a hundred years to defeat one of human history's greatest evi. The first three paragraphs are really notes to myself about the paradox that slavery presents in a spiritual sense and are kind of a preface Many slave owners considered themselves Christian and enlightened Thomas Jefferson while not an orthodox Christian considered himself Christian and certainly was a child of the Enlightenment and saw the problem of slavery uite clearly as evil and as the original sin of the new country But he blamed England for introducing slavery to the colonies but appeared to be incapable of doing anything about it He knew slaves were created in God's image and had certain unalienable rights and yearned for and deserved freedom and that it was a crime against God to deny any man these Divine gifts But he did nothing to free his own slaves and according to Mr Davis fathered a child on one of his own helpless female slaves Sally Hemming In other words he knew what was the right thing to do but refused to do it on economic grounds Which are the worst possible reasons He would have lost money if he did it He may have been brilliant in his public life and I thank him for the Declaration of Independence but he was venal and pathetic in his private lifeI am reading Pulitzer Prize winner David Brion Davis’s book Inhuman Bondage the Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World In it he describes slave owners who were professing Christians but who also beat their human chattel or had someone else beat them who were themselves born again or at least claimed to be It gives a new and sinister meaning to being your brother’s keeper Memo to Mr Obama Being your brother’s keeper was a slave owner’s argument and was literally true in their case If the slave master was truly born again and the slave was also and all those who are in Christ are perfect in Christ in a spiritual sense then would the slave be justified in using force even deadly force in an attempt to emancipate himself Isn’t he supposed to view his oppressor as perfect in Christ and better than himself The slave owner was supposed to do the same thing of course but obviously defaulted on doing his duty Would the Christian slave then be justified in killing his owner thus freeing himself and his friends and families Why was there no black William Wallace and if there was then why is he not celebrated as a freedom fighter Actually there was kind ofThe partial answer is that most slave insurrections were suicidal and most slaves knew it The British slave revolts were practically bloodless as far as the rebelling slaves were concerned They were extraordinarily careful in attacking and destroying property only and preserving the lives of their oppressors Most of these slaves were evangelical Christians These revolts always fizzled out in the end because the slave owners had the laws and the government and thus the army and the guns on their side and retribution was swift and terrible The slave insurrectionists may have respected human life but the so called enlightened English slave power had no such ualms and slaughtered the rebels with impunity killing hundreds and hanging Their heads were set on stakes along the road as a prophylactic against the infectious idea of freedom Slavery can only be imposed by force and terror no matter how paternalistic and humane the slave masters think themselvesNonetheless if so called Christian slave holders were indeed truly born again then according to the New Testament they were perfect in Christ Jesus but not in their unjust actions and should have been opposed resisted and overcome even to death As they were opposed by the British Abolitionists some of whom did oppose slavery and slave holders to the death; their own unfortunately not the slave holders British abolitionists were pacifists for the most part But they did sway public opinion so that the British abolished the slave trade and eventually emancipated almost a million slaves in their empire and lost billions if not trillions in today’s currency of pounds as a result In the United States slavery was seen as an economic necessity and was not resolved until the Civil War It was not until the Civil Rights movement in the 1960’s that the proposition that all men are created eual and endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights was completely reflected in law“The hearts of men over are full of evil and there is madness in their hearts while they live and afterward they join the dead” Ecclesiastes 93This is one of those rare books that I think should be reuired reading for everybody above the age of fifteen Practically every page is an eye opener and Mr Davis’s writing style makes it a page turner as well There is not a dull sentence in itMrDavis ingeniously and masterfully chronicles the cruel history of slavery from ancient times to the present day where classic chattel slavery is still widespread in Saharan nations such as Niger Mauritania Chad and Sudan and “sex slavery” is big business around the worldThe nub of the book to me is his treatment of slavery in the United States from colonial America to the Revolutionary War Civil War Reconstruction and the Civil Rights Movement Contrary to popular myth slavery was seen as essential to the economic growth and prosperity of the nation It was very profitable Most slaves were the property of owners of huge plantations These plantations can be best be compared to the huge agri businesses of today and the slaves were used in an assembly line fashion doing the work that machines do nowOnly four percent of all the black African slaves shipped to the New World were shipped to North America In 1808 Christian abolitionists led by William Wilberforce and others like him shamed Britain into outlawing the Atlantic slave trade The United States followed suit that same year Finally on August 1 1834 Britain emancipated close to a million slaves paying twenty million pounds sterling to owners and creditors Abolitionists “strongly objected to the further provision that forced the ‘freed’ slaves to undergo a period of uncompensated ‘apprenticeship’ which in effect gave their former owners compensation in the form of unpaid slavelike labor” p238 But they negotiated it down to only four years unpaid apprenticeship from twelve yearsIn 1843 Lord Aberdeen the Tory foreign secretary risked damage to the ever fragile relationship with the United States by saying “Great Britain desires and is constantly exerting herself to procure the general abolition of slavery throughout the world” p232 By 1843 Britain’s experiment in emancipation was seen by the world and many Britons as being a dismal failure The compensation to owners for the loss of their property and the cost of lost labor most of the slaves left the cane fields and became subsistence farmers in Jamaica Barbados etcand Britain had been the world’s leader in sugar production and took a huge economic hit as a percentage of GDP means that Britain lost trillions in today’s dollars as result of ending the slave trade and emancipating the largest number of slaves in world history up till Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation and the end of the Civil War and the Thirteenth AmendmentFrom the beginning of the founding of this country the idea of freedom as set forth in the Declaration of Independence that “all Men are created eual and are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights that among these are Life Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness “ was at odds with the obvious contradiction of slavery Both cannot and could not be true and nobody could really be wholly free while some were wholly slaves To make a longer and fascinating story shorter due to the influence of the first Great Awakening and the Second Great awakening and the further influence of the British Abolitionists and because we started out as a colony of British subjects with the concept of freedom and individual rights that come from God embedded in our political DNA we could not survive as any type of “free” country part free and part slave As Abraham Lincoln said “A house divided against itself cannot stand I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free I do not expect the Union to be dissolved I do not expect the house to fall but I do expect it will cease to be divided It will become all one thing or the other” In the rest of the speech he expresses the hope that opponents of slavery would be able to stop its spread to contain it and that it would eventually wither on the vine and die a peaceful deathThe peculiar institution did not die an easy death and in its death throes it claimed over 620000 estimates vary Americans lives including that of the Great Emancipator himself More people died in the Civil War than in all the American wars and conflicts from the Revolutionary War to the Korean War Eighteen to twenty percent of the white male population of the Confederate States were swallowed up by the first truly modern total war about the same percentage as German military deaths in WWII One fifth of Mississippi’s postwar state budget was paid to supply prosthetic limbs to surviving but maimed soldiers It was a war of deep seated hatred symbolized in the extreme by Confederate women who wore necklaces made from the teeth of dead Yankee soldiers It was a war where the Confederate government called for the execution of all black Union soldiers taken prisoner Like a good soldier who was just following orders pre echoing the excuse given by Nazi officers at Nuremberg the future first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan Nathan Bedford Forrest also became one of the first to commit war crimes by massacring hundreds of captured black Union soldiers Curiously many historians in the early to mid 20th century tried to obfuscate the facts and taught that the Civil War was not about slavery but economics states rights anything but the true revolutionary paradigm shifter that it was as did Jefferson Davis Side note Jefferson Davis was the name of Grant’s mule I don’t think it survived the war either But as Lincoln said he was the Commander in Chief after all in his message to congress on December 1st 1862 “Without slavery the rebellion could never have existed; without slavery it could not continue” p305 The Christian passion aroused by the vision of slavery as the essence of sin can be seen in the famous lines of “The Battle Hymn of the Republic” “As he died to make men holy let us die to make men free” p9 Yes I think it is safe to say that the Civil War was about slaveryDavid Brion Davis ends his remarkable and remarkably readable book on this note “It is surely certain as certain as one can be about any historical events that the fall of New World slavery could not have occurred if there had been no abolitionist movements We can thus end on a positive note of willed achievement that may have no parallel It is an achievement despite its many limitations that should help inspire some confidence in other movements for social change for not being condemned to fully accept the world into which we are born But since we have devoted special attention to the origins and damage of antiblack racism it is also crucial to add that we still face heavy legacies of historical slavery throughout the Western Hemisphere as well as in the still devastated continent of Africa” p 331David Brion Davis is Sterling Professor of History Emeritus at Yale University and Director Emeritus of the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery Resistance and Abolition also at Yale His books include The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture; The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution 1770 1823; Slavery and Human Progress; and Challenging the Boundaries of Slavery

David Brion Davis ¼ 2 Summary

David Brion Davis has long been recognized as the leading authority on slavery in the Western World His books have won every major history award including the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award and he has been universally praised for his prodigious research his brilliant analytical skill and his rich and powerful prose Now in Inhuman Bondage Davis sums up a lifetime of insight in what Stanley L Engerman calls a monumental and magisterial book the essential work on New World slavery for several decades to come Davis begins with the dramatic Amistad case which vividly highlights the international character of the Atlantic slave trade and the roles of the American judiciary the presidency the media and of both black and white abolitionists The heart of the book looks at sl. I'm pretty sure after reading this book that slavery is probably the most atrocious thing thing a human can do to another human This book is hard to take in a lot places and will probably cause you to loose sleep Probably the worst part of the whole thing is reading that in the late 1800's Western culture took a fairly barbaric practice that was close to falling out of practice and made it EVEN MORE barbaric as they spread well beyond it's origins of using POW's as slaves