read kindle à Julii Cæsaris uæ extant Hardcover Å gaius julius caesar

mobi Julii Cæsaris uæ extant

read kindle à Julii Cæsaris uæ extant Hardcover Å gaius julius caesar ☆ Gallic War Civil War Alexandrian War African War Spanish WarBetween 58 and 50 BC Caesar led his army to twice invade Britain and conuer most of the land that is now France Belgium and Switzerland The Gallic Wars served two pE other volumes in the Landmark series this edition edited by Robert B Strassler and Kurt A Raaflaub supplements the text with detailed maps images and annotations to place the work in historical and political context And with stunning endpapers and color graphics this beautifully produced large format hardcover makes a terrific gift for history and classics enthusias The format for these war narratives is excellent The book has maps battlefield diagrams photos and sketches to accompany the text The text has useful annotations as well Caesar's writing is concise He unpacks the key events of the dozens of key battles from Gaul and the Civil War The book also includes non Caesarean chapters covering the Alexandria African and Spanish WarsIt is fascinating to be inside the head of the great general and statesman He presents himself in a positive light but does it subtly He speaks almost exclusively of himself in the third person Caesar thought this Caesar rallied his troops Caesar gave this speech Caesar showed his mercy What makes his narrative compelling is the credibility of his figures and reconstruction of the momentous events This style is in sharp contrast to Napoleon who used widely exaggerated figures to accentuate his accomplishments Caesar does not shy away from his defeats and errors He wisely attaches much of the blame to his subordinates in there rare missteps but not in a way that is overly defensive or critical When he is victorious due to his superior planning bravery training or technical knowledge he takes credit but does not gloat He understands the importance of training choice of battleground troop morale line formations and engineering projects He highlights which areas were most important during different battles He is uick to share glory with his troops He freuently singles out specific soldiers who displayed extraordinary valor and makes sure to commend them by their full names Caesar discusses the merits and weaknesses of his enemies When he is extended or defeated he gives his opponent their due Some of the most exciting battles are the sieges Caesar understood wars of attrition He could calculate when his troops had access to the necessary supplies water food and fodder to starve out a besieged enemy He was great at engineering and could build bridges trenches fortifications and siege towers faster than his opponents Speed and troop morale were other trademark strengths He could steal a march surprise enemies with lightening movements and capture strategic positions before his enemy could counter Though he is famous for his speed he was not careless If his enemy tried to draw him into an unfavorable battleground he would decline He would use strategy and deception to draw his opponent to a even battlefieldIn the battle of Alesia Caesar encircles and sieges his enemy who is confined within the city walls of Alesia The Gaul leader Vercingetorix sends out his cavalry to rally other bands of Gaul for reinforcements Caesar hears of the coming reinforcements and builds massive trenches in order to protect his troops from these troops while continuing to siege Vercingetorix Despite being massively outnumbered his preparation battle planning and experienced soldiers defeat the oncoming Gaul challengers Vercingetorix sees the Gaul forces routed and surrendersAt times Caesar comments on the politics of Rome and the righteousness of his cause over Pompey's He attributes the constant uprisings in Gaul to their love of freedom despite the better leadership and fair treatment by the Romans and Caesar At times he shows his pride and ego but that is rare He is fair and diplomatic One clear difference is Caesar's consideration for the Gaul tribes relative to Romans In the Civil War Caesar is generous and merciful to his fellow Romans He often pardons Pompey's men In Gaul he is far severe and brutal to his enemies After one engagement he cut off the arms of all the captured combatants It is interesting to wonder if Caesar had been merciful and kind to the Gaul enemies whether there would have been less unrestAlthough the excerpts from his pre battle speeches are short and few the fact that he includes them is unusual Few war histories of this period include the words of the general as he rallies his troops Caesar was highly tuned to the esprit de corps He knew when his troops needed rest replenishment or a motivational speech After a defeat he would allow his troops time to regroup He was a source of steadiness and calm in the heat of battle and on the heals of defeat His troops would take their cues from their unflappable leader and steel themselves for the next battleThe book has an excellent appendix with a who's who section of the key figures in the text a glossary and a short explanation of the composition of the Roman militaryCaesar is not without his flaws In this book where the focus is on his military campaigns his brilliance is well documented and his accomplishments are well deserved

Gaius Julius Caesar É Julii Cæsaris uæ extant text

Gallic War Civil War Alexandrian War African War Spanish WarBetween 58 and 50 BC Caesar led his army to twice invade Britain and conuer most of the land that is now France Belgium and Switzerland The Gallic Wars served two purposes to offer a record of Caesar's travels and insights into his military strategies and to present the Roman public with a portrait of Caesar I had not previously read the chronicles of military campaigns written by Julius Caesar However I had read other histories in the Landmark series of translations such as Thucydides and Herodotus so I knew the new translation and presentation of Caesar would be a first class achievement I wasn't disappointed It's a delicious read authoritative in its information complete as are all the Landmark publications with extensive maps explanatory footnotes and many appendices both in the physical book and in online links supporting every page of the text Like the other Landmark translations it's impressive in every wayOnly the histories of the Gallic War and the Civil War were actually written by Caesar himself The commentaries of the Alexandrian War the African War and the Spanish War were written by subordinates who'd served with him I was mildly surprised that I thought the prose of the other unknown as it turns out authors to be fluid and engaging than that of Caesar And maybe a bit honest and less self servingMore than the story of Caesar's military campaigns this is masterfully presented history Reading the book is like visiting another time and place It's that detailed though admittedly this is essentially military history and doesn't offer much insight into the social religious or commercial life of 1st century BCE Rome I did learn some things about Roman politics and about everyday life in the military of the time especially tactics and weapons The maneuvering of large units as described by Caesar and the others reads much as modern accounts might read Another surprise for me was how up to the minute it came across Caesar's considerations in the field the same as any modern commander Max Hastings a contemporary military historian recently wrote All wars are different and yet the same This great Landmark history makes that clear

book ´ Julii Cæsaris uæ extant É Gaius Julius Caesar

Julii Cæsaris uæ extantAs a compelling effective leader which would be a key part of his public image as he fought off his rivals for control of the empire Caesar chronicles his struggle to rule in The Civil Wars from his crossing of the Rubicon in 49 BC through the death of his chief rival Pompey and the ongoing efforts of Pompey's heirs and followers to remove Caesar from power As with th this is the book for any one interested in Caesar and his campaigns Notes are comprehensive plus on line notes I haven't even touched yet Years of reading This is the authoritative Caesar