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FREE DOWNLOAD Ç REFLECTIONSLISBURNLTD.CO.UK ì Paul Hawken

DrawdownHat impact it can have There remains no single comprehensive reliable compendium of carbon reduction solutions across sectors At least until now The public is hungry for this kind of practical wisdom David Roberts VoxThis is the ideal environmental sciences textbook only it is too interesting and inspiring to be called a textbook Peter Kareiva Director of the Institute of the Environment and Sustainability UCLAIn the face of widespread fear and apathy an international coalition of researchers professionals and scientists have come together to offer a set of realistic and bold solutions to climate change One hundred techniues and practices are described here some are well known; some you may have never heard. Drawdown focuses on not only responding to but also moving beyond climate change It offers a set of ranked plans Anyone who is inclined to give up in the face of climate change should read this bookA couple uick takeaways Reducing meat from one's diet #4 still seems to be a good idea My own experience has been that a meatless Monday is nearly impossible because upending my daily routine just once a week is very irritating Having said that one meatless meal a day is doable and often leads to two It's not uncommon for people to dismiss all energy alternatives by dismissing one but I kept thinking while reading this book that we should readily consider multifaceted approaches So instead of relying on just one of solar farms #8 onshore wind #2 etc it's probably a good idea for many areas to rely on a variety of energy sources The #1 solution was and I was surprised by this refrigerant management Finally I rarely encounter a dialogue on what to do with the carbon that we've already released into the atmosphere and Hawken explores solutions there as well Drawdown is clear and comprehensive and it's easily organized as a reference guide that readers can return to I liked that it avoided war and combat metaphors I also liked that it was willing to consider regrettable solutions in addition to its no regrets solutions Finally there's a website here

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FREE DOWNLOAD ½ Drawdown ò New York Times bestseller The 100 most substantive solutions to reverse global warming based on meticulous research by leading scientists and policymakers around the worldAt this point in time the Drawdown book is exactly what is needed; a credible conservative solution by solution narrative that we can do it Reading it is an effOf They range from clean energy to educating girls in lower income countries to land use practices that pull carbon out of the air The solutions exist are economically viable and communities throughout the world are currently enacting them with skill and determination If deployed collectively on a global scale over the next thirty years they represent a credible path forward not just to slow the earth's warming but to reach drawdown that point in time when greenhouse gases in the atmosphere peak and begin to decline These measures promise cascading benefits to human health security prosperity and well being giving us every reason to see this planetary crisis as an opportunity to create a just and livable wor. This is the first time I have felt positively about our ability to stop climate change The solutions presented in this book are feasible and clearly explained I found several things I could implement myself like switching to LED light bulbs and I am looking for ways to support some of their larger scale approaches

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New York Times bestseller The 100 most substantive solutions to reverse global warming based on meticulous research by leading scientists and policymakers around the worldAt this point in time the Drawdown book is exactly what is needed; a credible conservative solution by solution narrative that we can do it Reading it is an effective inoculation against the widespread perception of doom that humanity cannot and will not solve the climate crisis Reported by effects include increased determination and a sense of grounded hope Per Espen Stoknes Author What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming There's been no real way for ordinary people to get an understanding of what they can do and w. This book is a framework not only how to stop global warming but how to reduce carbon levels in the face of population growth and uality of life increases The author and research team synthesized primary research from thousands of studies and developed a ranked list of the most important actions the globe can take to combat climate change I’ve included a one sentence summary of each solution in this review The book goes into far depth about the logic behind the rankings how each solution works how much carbon it saves various pros and cons and the reuired financial investmentA key plus for many of these solutions is they offer benefits beyond carbon seuestration In addition to reducing seuestering carbon the majority offer financial savings increase industrial yields or efficiency create jobs and result in healthier people There are reasons to act on these beyond saving our environment The strength of this framework stems from interdependence One solution’s weaknesses are balanced by the strengths of another It’s a symbiotic ecosystem of recommendations – a permaculture not a monoculture of ideasI do worry that a book like this gives a false sense of optimism Implementing these policies will take incredible investments coordination between governments and massive behavior changes on the part of the individual Yes there are personal steps one can take after reading this book but they aren’t steps anyone who pays attention to ‘green’ issues won’t have heard of before I’m talking behavior changes on the scale of convincing entire populations to sustain massive tax increases to pay for the infrastructure you’ll need; behavior changes to convince millions of people around the globe to change habits fundamental to their life and culture Each individual solution will reuire innumerable persons across the globe dedicating their lives to implementing the chosen recommendation This is a brilliant framework for addressing climate change It is the product of years of synthesizing research on a mass scale of running the mathematical calculations we needed to chart a way forward It is the starting point for a real “how to” guide for policy makers It is work no one else has done until this point But don’t read it and think “oh we’ll be fine Technology will save us” Read it and go start advocating for mass public transit Go vegetarian Start blathering to everyone you know Find international organizations working on these issues and start donating all you can Take the extra 45 minutes to walk to work Go to city council meetings and say yes we’re willing to have wind turbines in our back yard This is a framework but it isn’t a framework to an easy way forward It’s a framework for hard hard work Thank goodness Hard work is what we’re going to need1 Refrigerant Management The HFCs found in refrigerators and AC have a 1000 to 9000 times higher capacity to warm the environment than carbon dioxide and 90% of those emissions come when improperly disposed; substituting in better materials combined with proper disposals could cool the earth by up to 1 degree Fahrenheit2 Wind Turbines Estimated to be the world’s cheapest energy source by 2030 wind has the potential to cleanly meet nearly all the world’s energy needs3 Reduced Food Waste By reducing food waste – through tightening supply chain logistics in low income countries and changing consumer habits in high income countries – resources are saved across the food chain from fertilizers to transport to energy needed to keep perishables cool4 Plant Rich Diet Reducing meat consumption lowers methane emissions from cattle reduces land use and the need to deforest additional land eliminates fossil fuel heavy value streams for stock feed lowers demand for water and increases the health of populations5 Tropical Forests Restore degraded tropical forests to make carbon sinks protect watersheds and offer resilient livelihood opportunities 6 Educating Girls Giving women access to education increases family planning resilience to climate change and offers one of the most cost competitive climate solutions estimated at only 10 per ton of carbon dioxide reduction 7 Investment in Family Planning Increase women’s autonomy to decide when and how many children they wish to have reduces the number of births subseuently reducing global resource demand 8 Solar Farms Build massive solar farms that operate on the scale of entire utilities systems 9 Silvopasture Combine trees with cattle pasture to seuester carbon in both soil and woody growth while increasing yields and bolstering both the cattle and the land’s resilience to climate change10 Rooftop Solar Install solar panels on buildings allowing them to generate their own power11 Regenerative Agriculture Utilize regenerative agricultural practices no till planting cover crops removing external nutrient inputs to heal soil seuester carbon increase nutrient and water retention for drought resistance and increase production 12 Temperate Forests 14 billion of acres of land could be restored to temperature forest adding even of an ecosystem that already acts as a carbon sink13 Peatlands Conserve peatlands – while they make up only 3% of the earth only oceans store carbon 14 Tropical Staple Trees Shift land to growing perennial food products and diets to eating them which have higher carbon seuestration rates and are resilient to extreme weather This solution is currently only viable in tropical regions15 Afforestation Use afforestation – planting trees where none have grown for at least 50 years – to create new carbon sinks particularly in degraded areas16 Conservation Agriculture Similar to regenerative agriculture but allowing use of fertilizers and pesticides this solution has many of the same benefits on a slightly lesser scale but is simpler to rapidly adopt and may be easier to use on mass produced annual crops 17 Tree Intercropping Intercrop agricultural products with compatible trees or bushes improving soil health seuestering carbon reducing the need for inputs increasing outputs and creating resilience to drought and wind 18 Geothermal Harness naturally occurring geothermal energy for power 19 Managed Grazing Managed grazing – shifting cattle’s grazing patterns to consider the health of the pastureland – results in improved grasses and a healthier ecosystem improves cattle health and allows the soil to seuester carbon 20 Nuclear Continue utilizing – indeed expand – nuclear power to replace coal Note The authors acknowledge the significant controversy surrounding this power source both safety and whether it’s truly cost effective21 Clean Cookstoves Forty percent of the world cooks on stoves which use fuels that release black carbon although short lived it absorbs a million times energy than CO2 meaning switching to stoves that use cleaner fuel rapidly slows warming in addition to improving health 22 See Wind Turbines #2 – offshore turbines are #2223 Farmland Restoration Exhausted and thus abandoned farmland emits carbon but if restored through regenerative farming practices or cultivation of native species it actively removes carbon from the air and pulls it back into the soil while increasing land available for agriculture 24 Improved Rice Cultivation Adoption of an alternative method of rice production reduces methane emissions seuesters carbon reduces input reuirements results in resilient plants and increases rice yield per acre25 Concentrated Solar Use mirrors to further concentrate light in already intensely sunny areas to produce steam which is cheaper to transmit than electricity and can be stored for high use times26 Electric Vehicles Switch from fossil fuel powered engines to electric vehicles for both personal transportation and shipping fleets that run off energy generated by renewables a task likely to made easier by an oncoming wave of battery innovation 27 District Heating Already well established in Europe district heating manages heating and cool needs not at the structure level but the district level using centralized coordination for maximum efficiency 28 Multistrata Agroforestry By mimicking the natural layout of the “strata” of a jungle canopy multistrata agroforestry seuesters huge amounts of carbon while generating multiple valuable agricultural commodities with minimal inputs even when using land already severely degraded29 Wave and Tidal While still posing technical challenges waves and tides can be harnessed for energy 30 Methane Digesters Use methane digesters to capture the methane emissions from organic waste agricultural food waste and excrement and use it for fuel while also reducing the harmful emissions 31 Insulation Insulating buildings well would keep them cool in the summer and warm in the winter and stop energy loss – currently most structures lose over 50% of their energy to poor insulation 32 Ships Over 80% of global trade happens by sea leading to huge carbon savings by improving fuel efficiency of ships 33 LED Lighting Switch to LED lights which use 90% less energy yet produce the same light as a standard bulb – in addition to lasting for years longer 34 Biomass Harness biomass as a “bridge” solution to provide energy as society shifts away from fossil fuels to truly renewable sources of energy 35 Bamboo Cultivate bamboo which thrives on degraded lands has economic uses and seuesters carbon faster than nearly any other plant36 Alternative Cement By mass cement is the second most used substance in the world and manufacturing one ton of produces at much carbon as burning 400 pounds of coal; changing this process to incorporate waste byproducts from other industrial processes could reduce carbon emissions 37 Mass Transit Mass transit usage is expected to decline rather than grow as global wealth increases and people purchase personal vehicles but ridership habits could be strengthened by utilizing strong design principles and interconnectivity of public transit systems potentially preventing 66 tons of CO2 emissions from cars38 Forest Protection Forest conservation offers a range of environmental and livelihood benefits and while deforestation is estimated to produce 10 15% of the world’s carbon emissions stopping deforestation could offset 33% of emissions 39 Indigenous Peoples’ Land Management Indigenous people often find themselves on the front lines of environmental battles and managing natural resources in a way that benefits all yet experience the highest impacts of climate change; as such it’s crucial to secure their tenure on their own land 40 Trucks Major efficiency improvements in truck fleets are needed as incomes and thus ground freight continues to increase – already consuming 25% of the fuel in the US trucks are currently responsible for about 6% of all global emissions41 Solar Water Store residential water in tanks heated by the sun eliminating the need to use fossil fuels to heat water42 Heat Pumps Replace the world’s massively energy guzzling AC and heating systems with already existing heat pump technology 43 Airplanes With air traffic on the rise and airplanes a major carbon emitter emerging efficiencies in plane design and fuels as well as regulations around fuel efficiency are crucial to reducing flight CO2 44 LED Commercial Lighting See #33 – similar principles but for commercial structures 45 Building Automation Building automation systems use sensors to automatically control a wide range of building factors from air circulation to heat to identifying early maintenance problems offering a host of efficiency savings46 Water Saving – Home A tight link between water and energy means lowering personal home water usage can save energy and relax pressure on local water sources and saving energy at home reduces water used by the local power plant47 Bioplastic If the entire lifecycle of a bioplastic is considered when not recycled properly or land is cleared to grow their source materials they produce their own problems bioplastics could replace current petro plastic that relies on cheap fossil fuels for production48 In Stream Hydro Place in stream turbines into rivers to create energy – these free standing structures create energy without flooding land for reservoirs and have only minimal impacts on wildlife 49 Cars Increase the number of electric and hybrid vehicles – while their power sources get far better mileage 97% of the world’s car still contain only the standard internal combustion engine 50 Cogeneration Many energy processes are inefficient and create waste in the form of heat; use cogeneration to capture the excess and harness as a heating source51 Perennial Biomass Use perennial rather than annual crops such as corn to produce bioenergy52 Coastal Wetlands Wetlands seuester enormous amounts of carbon – destroying them allows carbon to escape but through preservation and restoration they actively capture emissions 53 See Improved Rice Cultivation #24 – drops to #53 if a slightly less efficient but technically simpler version is used54 Walkable Cities Design cities to encourage walking instead of driving considering not only distance but pedestrian safety and aesthetic appeal of the route 55 Household Recycling Recycling reduces the need for further resource extraction while simultaneously reducing the negative impacts of landfills in addition to providing economic benefits and job opportunities stemming from value streams created by upcycling 56 Industrial Recycling The same effects as household recycling extended to the industrial sector; for industry this includes the additional step of planning ahead for disposal of their product rather than letting the costs of this uestion be borne by the public 57 Smart Thermostats Smart thermostats learn the heating preferences of occupants and automatically adjust temperature as necessary keeping costs and energy use down and livability high 58 Landfill Methane Capture methane emissions produced by landfills to use as a clean fuel source 59 Bike Infrastructure Increase trips taken by bike rather than car using a broad array of investments and design tools to support ridership 60 Composting When biodegradable waste – think food and lawn scraps – degrades in landfills in the absence of oxygen it produces methane; diverting this waste for compost injects nutrients back into the soil seuestering carbon and offering rich natural fertilizers 61 Smart Glass Smart glass can change its tint in response to environmental factors and adjust the amount of heat and light it lets into the building reducing a structure’s energy needs by up to 30%62 Women Smallholders Giving women in the agricultural workforce eual access to land and financial resources would lead to increased food outputs reducing the need to clear additional lands of forests to meet growing global nutritional needs 63 Telepresence Utilize rapidly improving telepresence technology for business and collaboration needs drastically cutting down on travel 64 See methane digesters #30 – rank drops to #64 if only small digesters are used65 Nutrient Management Runoff and overuse of agricultural nitrogen and fertilizers causes a host of environmental problems; improving proper management of application that reduce although not seuester carbon emissions as well as save farmers money66 High Speed Rail Build high speed rail to support mass public transit for regional distances while freeing up conventional rail for freight traffic67 Farmland Irrigation Switch to sprinkler or drip irrigation instead of “flood” irrigation saving both water and energy 68 Waste to Energy Like biogas this is a “bridge” solution – incinerate waste to make energy and reduce methane landfill emissions while shifting to permanent renewable energy sources Note The authors list significant concerns with this solution69 Electric Bikes Use electric bikes to bridge transportation gaps that are too far to walk but may be too short to financially justify public transit – journeys that people currently take via higher emission cars 70 Recycled Paper Recycled paper products reuire less energy and less water than virgin paper reduces deforestation and provides jobs than landfill or incineration; overall recycled paper has a mere 1% of the impact of virgin paper 71 Water Distribution A huge cost of water is the energy reuired to pump it where it needs to go; a systematic and widespread effort to reduce the huge amount lost through leaking infrastructure reduces energy and saves water for millions of additional people72 Biochar Biochar is produced by baking biomass in near total lack of oxygen think purely organic waste burning under soil leading to incredibly carbon rich soils; this evolving technology can be practiced on both individual and industrial scale to recycle waste seuester carbon and greatly improve soil health 73 Green Roofs Cities – measurably hotter than surrounding areas – can lower temperatures by installing green roofs on buildings which lower a site’s energy needs as well as contribute to a pleasant urban environment with cleaner air74 Trains Trains – hugely efficient at transporting freight – could be even efficient switch to electric trains powered by renewables increase carrying capacity and use aerodynamic designs 75 Ridehsaring Vastly underutilized in the US and Canada ridesharing reduces emissions and pressure on infrastructure saves commuters money and can be facilitated with increasing ease as data facilitation between platforms becomes increasingly common 76 Micro Wind Install smaller scale wind turbines to charge batteries or power individual homes where larger wind farms aren’t feasible77 Grid FlexibilityEnergy Storage Develop highly flexible energy grids that can respond to changing usage reuirements and energy sources throughout the day ie a peak source at 4 pm might drop to nothing at 7 pm 78 Microgrids Most of the electrical networks are organized in massive “macrogrids” that draw on fossil fuels; reorganize into smaller resilient ‘microgrids” allowing structures to tap into a diversity of smaller renewable energy sources 79 Net Zero Buildings Design all buildings to be net zero energy; that is producing as much energy as they use80 Retrofitting Retrofit already existing buildings with new green technologies like better lighting appliances and window insulation offer high energy savings