Free read Outliers The Story of Success ñ PDF eBook or Kindle ePUB

Malcolm Gladwell µ 6 Read

Free read Outliers The Story of Success ñ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Ð In this stunning new book Malcolm Gladwell takes us on an intellectual journey through the world of outliers the best and the brightest the most famous and the most successful He asks the uestion what makes high achievers differentHis answer is Ievers differentHis answer is that we pay too much attention to what successful people are like and too little attention to where they are from that is their culture their family their generation and the idiosyncrat. Malcolm Gladwell's new book reads like a series of cocktail party anecdotes Whether the book is a mere fluff piece or something is open to debate At its heart it has two themes 1 That success depends not just on talent but opportunity and 2 that success and failure also depend on the cultural legacies we inherit from our forebears Boiled down here are his essential ideasOPPORTUNITY1 Luck matters Hockey players who happened to be born between January and March were disproportionately represented in professional hockey leagues From an early age these players were the oldest in their age bracket and therefore bigger and coordinated Coaches selected them for better training and playing opportunities and overtime success bred success Likewise students who happened to be older for their class scored higher on math and science tests than their younger classmates and were likely to be picked for gifted and other advanced programs 2 Even smart people need 10000 hours of practice before they master a skill Those that can get those 10000 hours during childhood are a step ahead Bill Gates Steve Jobs and The Beatles all had uniue opportunities to have lots and lots of practice in their specialties at an early age before becoming successful3 After 120 increases in I are less important than creativity and practical intelligence knowing what to say to whom knowing when to say it and knowing how to say it for maximum effect A lifelong study of geniuses showed they were no successful than the average population Nobel laureates are just as likely to come from City College of NY Augsburg College or Gettysburg College as they are from HarvardLEGACY4 Rural Americans in backcountry states Kentucky Tennessee North South Carolina inherited a culture of honor from their Scotch Irish forefathers These herdsmen warriors brought with them a willingness to fight in response to the smallest slight This led to a pattern of bloody and violent feuds between families across the Appalachian states Think Hatfields vs McCoys5 Korean Airlines had an unusually high rate of plane crashes because of the Korean culture's extreme deference to superiors Junior pilots were reluctant to directly contradict their Captain on a flight even in the face of grave error This explains for instance the Korean Air Flight 801 crash in Guam in 1997 When the airline hired a specialist from Delta to retrain the pilots to speak transparently their safety record went up dramatically6 Asians are good at math and science because their ancestors planted rice paddies Rice farming was labor intensive than Western agriculture Asians have inherited this stick with it ness that allows them to excel in math and science where perseverance is mandatory7 Unlike rice paddies wheat or corn fields need to be left fallow every few years Early American educators adopted this principle toward schooling that students must not be exhausted Hence the long summer vacation a distinctly American legacy But this legacy is counterproductive because kids tend to forget things over the summer Kids who go to schools with shorter summer breaks tend to have higher test scores

Read & Download í PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB µ Malcolm Gladwell

Ic experiences of their upbringing Along the way he explains the secrets of software billionaires what it takes to be a great soccer player why Asians are good at math and what made the Beatles the greatest rock ban. People are criticizing this book because it is not a journal article Well guess what we're not all sociologists I have read plenty of journal articles in my own field law I'm in no position to read journal articles in fields outside my own Having a well written piece of mass market writing is just the thing I need to access this informationAnother criticism of the book is that Gladwell is the master of the anecdote Well it seems to me that ALL SOCIAL SCIENCE is in some sense anecdotal Every survey even a methodologically perfect one is necessarily un abstract and anecdotal it is based on survey research from particular people and there's no way to derive abstract rules governing society from that like math This notion of how Gladwell is all anecdotal bothers me So what If a good anecdote gets you to look at a situation in a new way or makes a powerful point that's excellent Any writer worth his or her salt LOVES a good anecdote to grab the attention of the reader

Free read Outliers The Story of Success

Outliers The Story of SuccessIn this stunning new book Malcolm Gladwell takes us on an intellectual journey through the world of outliers the best and the brightest the most famous and the most successful He asks the uestion what makes high ach. I know you don’t think you have the time and there are other and important books to read at the moment but be warned you do need to read this bookThere are a number of ways I can tell a book will be good; one of those ways is if Graham has recommended it to me how am I going to cope without our lunches together mate And there is basically one way for me to I know that I’ve really enjoyed a book and that is if I keep telling people about it over and over again Well not since Predictably Irrational also recommended to me by Graham have I gone on and on about a book to people First to Ruth over lunch then to mum on the phone and then the kids after they had just gotten out of bed in the early hours of the afternoon – my poor children I’ve told them virtually the entire bookNow it is your turnAs a culture we tend to believe that people who are successful people like Mozart Bill Gates The Beatles all are ‘self made men’ and have risen to the summit of achievement on the basis of some incredibly special power they have and that we do not It is a comforting thought in some ways If we have not done as well we are hardly to blame because we just didn’t have that certain something We don’t have the thing that sets them people apart from the crowd And in this cult of celebrity we even get a chance to live vicariously in the reflection of their glory Perhaps we can never all be Lady Di at least not in public but we can all attempt suicide with a pate knife and get into colonic irrigation John Safran talks somewhere about a guy he knows saying to him that the only reason John made it and he didn’t was because John was Jewish John then talks about how much hard work he had to put in to becoming successful none of which relied on the mythical leg up he would have gotten from some secret Jewish conspiracy This book isn’t about Lady Di but it is about a series of biographies of people who have become incredibly successful The biographies are generally told twice The first time in a way that confirms all our prejudices about self made men and then in a way that makes sense of the success in ways we may find much uncomfortable I really struggled with this book – I loved every minute of it but I still felt remarkably challenged by it It was very hard not to think of my own life while reading this book And this did not make me feel comfortableI guess we are all fairly predictable and one of the things that makes us especially predictable is that we generally like to have our prejudices confirmed We buy books that tell us over and over again what we already know and believe The Left Behind series is just one such example as are most self help books And I’m as guilty of this as anyone else But there is a much better sensation we can get from a book although this is much rare It is when the person you are reading starts telling you the deeper reasons why your beliefs are valid and not just based on prejudice I have always believed talent is another although less apparent and all too vague word for hard work I’ve also believed that we are products of a range of different variables too complex to know in any real detail This book confirms those prejudicesFirst he talks about ice hockey and a fascinating fact about the birthdays of the best players They are all born at around the same time of the year It is as if there is a cut off date for when you will be a professional ice hockey player – and in fact there is The short version is that if you are born on the wrong side of the date they use to group kids into age levels you are likely to be a year younger than the other kids you are playing ice hockey with and therefore a year smaller than them too That is going to make them look like they are better players than you are – and they will be too A year at 10 is a huge difference a huge advantage And then we compound that advantage by giving the older kids practice experience in games and then experience and practice until there is no way the kid who happened to be born on the wrong side of the cut off date has any chance of catching upThe point he makes strongly here and repeatedly in the first part of the book is that there are other factors to success that are than just ‘natural ability’ In fact he does not believe in ‘natural ability’ – only in effort and time Essentially he shows that if you put in 10000 hours on any task you will be highly proficient at that task Innate ability does not exist and ability is actually a function of effort expended This is both liberating and incredibly challenging Liberating because success is related to the effort you put in and I think you should believe that is true even if it isn’t – it is the myth of Sisyphus the only way we can really cope with the world is to believe our efforts have meaning Challenging because ultimately we are responsible for our own success as we are directly responsible for how much effort we are prepared to put inThe second great theme of this book is that where you come from matters The culture that we are from has a remarkable impact on the rest of our lives For example if you are from a working class background you are much less likely to approach life with an attitude of ‘entitlement’ When people in authority speak to you you are probably less likely to uestion them In fact you might believe you should defer to them You are probably likely to believe rules exist for a reason and that rules can’t be changed and can’t be moved People from the middle class are much likely to see rules as things that can be shaped or changed or ignored to make their life easy or rewarding Having come from the working class even a particularly radical end of it I can still see aspects of this deference in my own character and this was perhaps the most challenging part of the book for meThe other challenging bit was the part about the Hatfields and McCoys As a Northern Irish boy even if I’m not as obsessed with ‘honour’ as I might have been this does make sense of things I have wondered about for a long time The solution might be a little too neat but the Irish particularly the Northern Irish are far too likely to feuds that are intractable and recognising that that might have cultural roots beyond the excuse of religion is utterly fascinating to meThe lessons of this book can be put into a brief sentence success depends on a series of cultural and other factors that are mostly beyond your control – however the thing that is totally within your control about success is how much effort you put in And the effort you put in the likely you will be successful They are directly proportional and we should all praise work as the key thing that really makes us humanI loved this book I noticed that Ginnie points to a pilot who disputes some of what Gladwell says about culture and plane crashes but this is a minor point His bigger point about culture and plane crashes still stands and is remarkable If you have kids read this book – it will give you hints on how to bring them up with perhaps a modest sense of entitlement – it could make all of the difference Ginnie also has a link to an article with a photo of the man himself – I was saying to the kids yesterday that I would give a couple of toes to look nearly as cool as he does but I think it would take than just toesLook what can I say Read this book it is life altering Well maybe not life altering but a delight nonetheless