free download Capitalist Realism: Is There No Alternative?
review Capitalist Realism: Is There No Alternative? Ó eBook or Kindle ePUB ✓ In uesto breve ma fondamentale testo che ha avuto un impatto enorme sugli ambienti culturali in primo luogo anglofoni il critico e teorico Mark Fisher ragiona su come il realismo capitalista abbia occupato ogni area della nostra Erlo E lo fa attraverso esempi presi non solo dalla politica ma anche dai film e dalla narrativa di fantascienza dalla musica pop e dalla televisio. Such an interesting book in spite of its 80 pages it took me three days to read it there is a lot to digest and think about I'm pretty sure I underlined half the book and what's the point of underlining so muchLiving in 2018 it is hard if not impossible to imagine an alternative system to capitalism This feeling this sense is what the term 'capitalist realism' is about Capitalism engulfs anything and makes it its own ' Witness for instance the establishment of settled ‘alternative’ or ‘independent’ cultural zones which endlessly repeat older gestures of rebellion and contestation as if for the first time ‘Alternative’ and ‘independent’ don’t designate something outside mainstream culture; rather they are styles in fact the dominant styles within the mainstream' so how are you supposed to protest thisAntagonism is not now located externally in the face off between class blocs but internally in the psychology of the worker who as a worker is interested in old style class conflict but as someone with a pension fund is also interested in maximizing the yield from his or her investments There is no longer an identifiable external enemy The conseuence is Marazzi argues that post Fordist workers are like the Old Testament Jews after they left the ‘house of slavery’ liberated from a bondage to which they have no wish to return but also abandoned stranded in the desert confused about the way forwardFisher learned from Zizek to use items of current pop culture especially movies to make his points which makes this so readableHe doesn't stop at a 'simple' critiue of capitalism he delves into mental illness I'm again reminded of Fromm's The Sane Society which Fisher doesn't cite was he aware of it Likely Fisher suffered from depression so it makes sense that he looks at late capitalism as a causative agent of mental illness to him the chemical and structural changes in the brain are of course real and can be 'solved' with medication but does having to live in an insane system cause these changes Fromm againFisher looks at the counter intuitive proliferation of bureaucracy in organisations and how almost magical it seems Nobody knows what is reuired the directives make no sense so entirely new structures come into being there is no final authority to appeal to any workers have to become their own auditors and stress increases manifold while nobody 'outside' cares about the auditing results This thought of a visible system impossible to understand with nebulous interests with no overall controllers or rules that's what makes this book so interesting to read the 'centerlessness of global capitalism' Fisher has this neat example where during the 2008 bank crisis people complained about the privatising government but not about the bungling companies he interprets that as a coping mechanism It's easier to blame a few politicians than an incredibly complex system nobody has oversight over and nobody understands and nobody can map The disavowal of the government happens in part because the centerlessness of global capitalism is radically unthinkableHere comes my favorite uote in this contextThe closest that most of us come to a direct experience of the centerlessness of capitalism is an encounter with the call center As a consumer in late capitalism you increasingly exist in two distinct realities the one in which the services are provided without hitch and another reality entirely the crazed Kafkaesue labyrinth of call centers a world without memory where cause and effect connect together in mysterious unfathomable ways where it is a miracle that anything ever happens and you lose hope of ever passing back over to the other side where things seem to function smoothly What exemplifies the failure of the neoliberal world to live up to its own PR better than the call center Even so the universality of bad experiences with call centers does nothing to unsettle the operating assumption that capitalism is inherently efficient as if the problems with call centers weren’t the systemic conseuences of a logic of Capital which means organizations are so fixated on making profits that they can’t actually sell you anythingAt the end Fisher begins to map out how a 'new left' could react to and work with late capitalism New ascesis could be needed since unlimited freedom breeds only misery The bank crisis has discredited neoliberalism so now there is an ideological hole that can be filled Bring back the idea of the 'general will' and take back the public space from the state The 'new left' can start by working with the desires that neoliberalism has generated such as a reduced bureaucracy by starting a 'new struggle over work and who controls it' Mental illnesses should be transformed 'outward' into antagonisms against CapitalOverall extremely interesting lots of food for thought highly recommended if you like to think about our entire system of beingSadly Fisher never got to develop these ideas into a full framework he took his own life one year agoPSThe way value is generated on the stock exchange depends of course less on what a company ‘really does’ and on perceptions of and beliefs about its future performance In capitalism that is to say all that is solid melts into PR and late capitalism is defined at least as much by this ubiuitous tendency towards PR production as it is by the imposition of market mechanismsNow this book is a little bit older by now Elon Musk's Tesla has perfected this approach make a ton of PR sell very little miss production targets His popularity alone somehow makes everyone ignore horrible working conditions as well as firing workers for trying to unionize Edit 8th Feb 2018 Musk shot a car into space to the great elation of everybody it was mostly ignored that his company uietly announced its biggest uarterly loss ever a day laterPPSIt wouldn’t be surprising if profound social and economic instability resulted in a craving for familiar cultural forms to which we return in the same way that Bourne reverts to his core reflexesDoes he predict the rise of the current garbage neo reactionariesalt right Maybe but it also goes without saying that uncertain times breed nationalism and xenophobia we've had that a few times in history now
Mark Fisher ´ 3 read
Her ragiona su come il realismo capitalista abbia occupato ogni area della nostra esperienza uotidiana e si interroga su come sia possibile combatt. So this book leaves me with many unanswered uestions But I loved it It is the first book I have read by Fisher and I find it to be a great introduction to what he is about Politics and culture come together here and his reading of capitalism through films and fiction is a pretty great guide You see things in a por perceptive way after reading this I take this responsibility which capital culture takes away so we don't really need to see that everything we do has a conseuence The problem es the structure this structure based on Capital where responsibility is not really going towards each person Definitely recommended
summary ç eBook or Kindle ePUB ´ Mark Fisher
Capitalist Realism Is There No AlternativeIn uesto breve ma fondamentale testo che ha avuto un impatto enorme sugli ambienti culturali in primo luogo anglofoni il critico e teorico Mark Fis. Mark Fisher’s Capitalist Realism 2009 is a curmudgeonly and over determined analysis of late capitalism with little theoretical value His utter and complete assimilation into the ideological machine of Žižek’s New Left does him an enormous disservice Because of this Fisher is precluded from approaching the issues present in late capitalism with the necessary finesse Rather for every moment of insight of which there are a few there are ten face palm inducing misrepresentations of contemporary culture or sanctimonious condemnations of identity politicsBeyond the book’s inherent failure as a conseuence of Žižek boot licking Fisher places a lot of bets that haven’t paid off in the post 2008 political landscape As Fisher sketches his ideal vaguely racist and culturally elitist image of a post financial crisis progressivism Fisher dismisses the tendencies that have expanded to the left’s zeitgeist — most crucially the self determining identityFisher’s text occasionally brings to bear prescient points but some are borrowed — such as Robert Pfaller’s ‘interpassivity’ the media’s performance of anti capitalism which creates a bystander effect in viewers and results in their atrophy Fisher generates one useful chapter the fifth which provides a fruitful analysis of the relationship between mental illness and capitalism Fisher writes “the current ruling ontology denies any possibility of a social causation of mental illness The chemico biologization of mental illness is of course strictly commensurate with its de politicization” He continues “all mental illnesses are neurologically instantiated but this says nothing about their causation” To continue down Fisher’s avenue of inuiry about the relationship between capitalism and mental illness would be enormously fruitful However this is the only meaningful contribution Fisher can offer in this textThe text’s failings are far numerous Whether it’s the patronizing pop culture references that are superfluous and are belied by Fisher’s cultural elitism his contempt for youth culture or his attempt to de emphasize the importance of individual identity these faults can be attributed to the freuent drawing from the poisoned well of Žižek and Jameson The most frustrating thing about Fisher’s text is that in a short 81 pages he still manages to pack in criticisms of the priorities and processes of modern post colonialism It is baffling how proponents of Neo Marxism which departs from Marx on almost every significant point can miss how self defeating paternalistic lecturing about tactics and priorities The New Left conceives of “radical energy” as something finite and thus embarks on a patronizing crusade of telling others how to spend it If one accepts their premise how is a leftist condescending to another a good use of said energy But the New Left is wrong on both counts One can be incredibly invested in the analysis of individual experience and cultural epistemology but also be concerned about the greater structures of capitalism In fact both interests are necessary rather than mutually exclusive as Fisher would claimReading Fisher’s text it feels irrelevant It is a work of political and ideological speculation that is almost uniformly wrong hampered by bad reasoning and a fractured ideological foundation The trajectory of post financial crisis progressivism that Fisher outlines is correct only insofar as the financial crisis represented a sea change That change rather than moving outwardly and anonymizing the individual has shattered the barriers of entry to epistemology and allowed for the inclusion of individual experience In that tradition Fisher’s concerns about mental illness and their relationship to capitalism actually fit uite nicely Fisher is at his best when he discusses these issues and takes aim at Neoliberalism and his worst when he channels the self importance of Žižek that includes shades of a bourgeoisie cultural elitism and white supremacy