MOBI ñ DOC Dogs of God and the Defeat of the Moors FREE » JAMES RESTON JR

KINDLE ´ Columbus the Inquisition Ü James Reston Jr.

KINDLE ´ Columbus the Inquisition Ü James Reston Jr. Nd Columbus’ expedition to America and to chart a Spanish destiny separate from that of Italy With rich characterizations of the central players this engrossing narrative captures all the political and religious ferment of this crucial moment on the eve of the discovery of the New Worl A very interesting in a disturbing sort of way about the Inuisition Christopher Columbus and the crusade against the Moors Learning just how much the Inuisition was a convenient way for the Spanish monarchs to fund the royal treasury thereby making it possible for them to continue in their battles against the Moors was very eye opening The religious components seemed to be somewhat secondary to the opportunity to confiscaste property That being said the focus on the ordained uality of Isabella and Ferdinand how they were chosen by God on a mission from God and doing God's work and using this is a tool to further their political objectives was fascinating The corruption of the Vatican and the power hungry Cardinals and Pope was over the top It definitely gives one pause to read about the very bloody history of Christianity This would be in interesting book to discuss in a group composed of Christian Jewish and Muslim particpants

EPUB Dogs of God

MOBI ñ DOC Dogs of God and the Defeat of the Moors FREE » JAMES RESTON JR. ´ From the acclaimed author of Warriors of God comes a riveting account of the pivotal events of 1492 when towering political ambitions horrific religious excesses and a drive toward international conuest changed the wo From the acclaimed author of Warriors of God comes a riveting account of the pivotal events of 1492 when towering political ambitions horrific religious excesses and a drive toward international conuest changed the world foreverJames Reston Jr brings to life the epic story of Spain’s e Interesting Facts I Learnt about the Spanish Inuisition Nobody expects the Spanish Inuisition Monty Python Toruemada the prime mover behind the Inuisition was the son of a converso ie he was half Jewish the son of a Jew who had converted to Christianity The Inuisition referred to being burnt on the stake as being relaxed How did they prove that a converso was really a secret Jew It could be by a denunciation made by a Christian Such a denunciation was accepted as the truth Many conversos worked as tax collectors collecting tax from Christians It could be by a denunciation made by another converso Conversos were encouraged to make a confession of the sincerity of their faith in Christ To show this you had to name all those conversos who were not sincere in their faith If you failed to denounce someone as a false converso and he or she was later denounced by someone else it showed your own confession of faith was insincere and hence you were a false converso If you were denounced after you had confessed the sincerity of your faith this showed that your confession was false and you were a false converso The Inuisition could call you in If appropriate torture could be used to extract a confession All property of false conversos was confiscated and given to the crown which was in debt because of the war against the Moors It could be because you didn't go to church or didn't eat pork Of course if you went to church and ate pork that did NOT show that you were NOT secretly a Jew That showed that you were a devious Jew It's uncanny how much this procedure by the Spanish Inuisition sounds like water boarding In this hideous remedy the prisoner was tied to a ladder that was sloped downward so that the head was lower than the feet The head was held fast in position by a metal band twigs were placed in the nostrils and ropes winched tightly around his appendages The mouth was forced open with a metal piece and a cloth placed over the mouth Then a pitcher of water was brought and water poured over the cloth With each swallow the cloth was drawn deeper into the throat until in gagging and choking the victim nearly asphyxiated The terror of suffocation was extreme and the process was repeated endlessly bloating the body grotesuely until the victim was ready to confessIsabella and Ferdinand thought that they were at the End Times The belief was that once Spain was cleansed a messianic king would go on to conuer Jerusalem and the Holy Land for God When this was done then Christ would return Ferdinand saw himself as this messianic king oddly enough called the Bat Isabella believed she was the reincarnation of the Virgin Mary; I didn't know that Catholics believed in reincarnation Isabella had told Columbus that she would not finance his adventure to go west As Columbus was in the process of leaving Spain one guy convinced her at the last minute that she was wrong to decide this This guy was called Santángel He was a converso I wonder if it would have been any consolation to him if he had been told that the gold from the Americas would end up destroying Spain's economy

James Reston Jr. Ü the Inquisition MOBI

Dogs of God Columbus the Inquisition and the Defeat of the MoorsFfort to consolidate its own burgeoning power by throwing off the yoke of the Vatican By waging war on the remaining Moors in Granada and unleashing the Inuisitor Toruemada on Spain’s Jewish and converso population King Ferdinand and ueen Isabella attained enough power and wealth to fu Pretty interesting contextual history of Columbus and the Inuisition Worth the read