READ ☆ Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation the Flood Gilgamesh and Others

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FREE READ ✓ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ✓ Anonymous Rammar and lexicography mean that this new translation complete with notes a glossary of deities place names and key terms and illustrations of the mythical monsters featured in the text will replace all other versio. It's a middle of the road text better than most but far from complete I'm not just talking about the missing fragments either although that's understandable We've got ranges of over a thousand years of text printed in this volume ignoring some older texts like Inanna's descent being ignored in favor of Ishtar's elaborate but nonetheless curtailed descriptions The tale of Gilgamesh is almost always a reuired reading of course and the genesis story is very interesting but we're still missing whole texts of Dumuzi or Tammuz which were nonetheless much important to the people of the times than was even brought up here in this text At best I can say that this work is merely a short sampling of three whole civilization's written legends I suppose I'm going to have to keep looking for a single source that collects and breaks down the altered generations of tales perhaps even dovetailing their metamorphosis into early Greek and Zoroastrian It would be much too much to ask to see how Inanna became Aphrodite and Isis or how they became Mary mother of Jesus I despair to see how Dumuzi the shepherd became the heart of rebirth and how his idea became Jesus It's just too much of a concept to touch upon this early in our day and age uite a shame Then again such concepts were probably too volatile for a mainstream edition and an editor thought it would be best to leave such works undisturbed for fear of shocking the plebs Of course nowadays such a fearless edition would probably be heralded as innovative and bright but I'm still looking Perhaps I'd write one if I actually knew how to read the original text Alas I'm stuck here

CHARACTERS Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others

READ ☆ Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others × The ancient civilization of Mesopotamia thrived between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates over 4000 years ago The myths collected here originally written in cuneiform on clay tablets include parallels with the biblical stories of the The ancient civilization of Mesopotamia thrived between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates over 4000 years ago The myths collected here originally written in cuneiform on clay tablets include parallels with the biblical. Myths from Mesopotamia Creation the Flood Gilgamesh and Others Anonymous Stephanie Dalley EditorThe ancient civilization of Mesopotamia thrived between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates over 4000 years ago The myths collected here originally written in cuneiform on clay tablets include parallels with the biblical stories of the Creation and the Flood and the famous Epic of Gilgamesh the tale of a man of great strength whose heroic uest for immortality is dashed through one moment of weaknessMyths Atrahasis The Epic of Gilgamesh standard and old version The Descent of Ishtar to the Underworld Nergal and Ereshkigal standard and Amarna version Adapa Etana Anzu standard version and Old Babylonian version The Epic of Creation Theogony of Dunnu Erra and Ishum Atra Hasis exceedingly wise is the protagonist of an 18th century BC Akkadian epic recorded in various versions on clay tablets The Atra Hasis tablets include both a creation myth and a flood account which is one of three surviving Babylonian deluge stories The name Atra Hasis also appears on one of the Sumerian king lists as king of Shuruppak in the times before a floodThe Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia that is often regarded as the earliest surviving great work of literature The literary history of Gilgamesh begins with five Sumerian poems about Bilgamesh Sumerian for Gilgamesh king of Uruk dating from the Third Dynasty of Ur c 2100 BC These independent stories were later used as source material for a combined epic in Akkadian The first surviving version of this combined epic known as the Old Babylonian version dates to the 18th century BC and is titled after its incipit Shūtur eli sharrī Surpassing All Other Kings Only a few tablets of it have survived The later standard version dates from the 13th to the 10th centuries BC and bears the incipit Sha naba īmuru He who Saw the Abyss in modern terms He who Sees the Unknown Approximately two thirds of this longer twelve tablet version have been recovered Some of the best copies were discovered in the library ruins of the 7th century BC Assyrian king AshurbanipalInanna is an ancient Mesopotamian goddess associated with love beauty sex desire fertility war justice and political power She was originally worshipped in Sumer and was later worshipped by the Akkadians Babylonians and Assyrians under the name Ishtar She was known as the ueen of Heaven and was the patron goddess of the Eanna temple at the city of Uruk which was her main cult center She was associated with the planet Venus and her most prominent symbols included the lion and the eight pointed star Her husband was the god Dumuzid later known as Tammuz and her sukkal or personal attendant was the goddess Ninshubur who later became the male deity PapsukkalNergal Nirgal or Nirgali was a deity worshipped throughout Mesopotamia Akkad Assyria and Babylonia with the main seat of his worship at Cuthah represented by the mound of Tell Ibrahim Other names for him are Erra and IrraIn Mesopotamian mythology Ereshkigal ueen of the Great Earth was the goddess of Kur the land of the dead or underworld in Sumerian mythology In later East Semitic myths she was said to rule Irkalla alongside her husband Nergal Sometimes her name is given as Irkalla similar to the way the name Hades was used in Greek mythology for both the underworld and its ruler and sometimes it is given as Ninkigal lit Lady of the Great Earthتاریخ نخستین خوانش ماه آگوست سال 1992 میلادیعنوان اساطیر آشوری و بابلی؛ از چهار هزار سال پیش از امروز؛ نویسنده ناشناس؛اسطوره ی اتره هسیس خرد بیش از حد این اسطوره به این ترتیب آغاز میشود که خدایان همه ی کارهای سخت را انجام میدهند، به کندن کانالها و تمیز کردن آنها میپردازند، در حالیکه آن کارها را دوست ندارند پس از گذشت سه هزار و ششصد سال به این نتیجه میرسند که به اندازه ی کافی کار کرده اند، و خود را در برابر «انلیل» مسلح میکنند «انلیل» از اینکه در نیمه های شب، تهدید شده ناخشنود است، و چهره اش همانند «درخت گز» زرد میشود وی خدایان بزرگ را گرد میآورد، تا حرف آنها را بشنود و آنها تصمیم م گیرند که «بیلیت ایلی»، الهه ی زهدان، میرندگان را بیافریند، تا از آن پس، «میرندگان» همه ی کارهای سخت را انجام دهند او اینکار را میکند و «هفت مرد» و «هفت زن» را میآفریند از این گروه کوچک جمعیت عظیمی پدید میآید که از نظر «انلیل» بیش از حد زیاد است برای نابودی آنها «انلیل»، طاعون، خشکسالی، و قحطی را آزمایش میکند، «اتره هسیس» اطمینان میدهد، که آنها عمل نخواهند کرد پس از گذشت شش سال، مردم دختران خود را میخورند، و دیگر نمیتوانند کارهای سختی که برای آن آفریده شده اند را، انجام دهند «انکی» و «انلیل»، درباره ی بهترین روشی که باید در پیش بگیرند، با هم به منازعه برمیخیزند «انلیل» تصمیم میگیر،د یک کردار بد انجام دهد توفان، و «انکی» به «اتره هسیس» هشدار میدهد، و درباره ی قایقی که باید ساخته شود، به او رهنمودهای مشخص میدهد، و به او اطلاع میدهد، که توفان به مدت «هفت روز»، ادامه خواهد یافت متاسفانه در اوج حادثه، خلاء بزرگی، در حدود پنجاه و هشت سطر وجود دارد، و داستان در نقطه ای از سر گرفته میشود این حماسه با یک سرود مذهبی موجز به پایان میرسد که احتمالاً توسط «انلیل» خوانده میشود ما چگونه توفان نازل کردیم اما یک انسان از این فاجعه جان به در برد شما رایزن خدایان هستید؛ من در فرامین شما تناقض آفریدم بگذار «ایگی گی» به این آواز گوش دهد تا شما را ستایش کند و بگذار آنها از بزرگی شما گویند من آواز توفان را بر همه ی مردم خواهم خواند گوش کنید پایانحماسه ی «گیلگامش» یا حماسه ی «گیلگَمِش» در سومری حماسه ی «بیلگمیش» یکی از کهنترین و نامدارترین آثار حماسی ادبیات دوران تمدن باستان است، که در منطقه ی میان‌رودان بین النهرین، شکل گرفته‌ است کهنترین متون موجود مرتبط با این حماسه، به میانه ی هزاره ی سوم پیش از میلاد مسیح می‌رسد، که به زبان سومری است از این حماسه نسخه‌ هایی به زبان‌های «اَکدی» و «بابِلی» و «آشوری» موجود است این حماسه در سال 1870 میلادی توسط «جورج اسمیت» ترجمه و منتشر شده‌ است برگردان پارسایی این حماسه، نخست به دست «داوود منشی‌زاده» و سپس توسط «احمد شاملو» صورت گرفته، که در کتاب هفته چاپ شد، و بعدها «نشر چشمه» آن را به چاپ رسانده‌ است ا شربیانی

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Myths from Mesopotamia Creation the Flood Gilgamesh and OthersStories of the Creation and the Flood and the famous Epic of Gilgamesh the tale of a man of great strength whose heroic uest for immortality is dashed through one moment of weakness Recent developments in Akkadian g. In many ways you could call this a 5 star book in terms of its scholarship and detailed information about these ancient texts but as for readability it's 1 or 2 stars The reason is that the texts have various fragments from different extant versions of the stories incorporated into the text This breaks up the flow a bit and at times becomes confusing and frustrating This is not necessarily a terrible thing but if you're looking for readable versions they're out thereAs a scholarly work it's excellent; as a literary pleasure read it leaves much to be desiredI picked up this edition because it contains several Akkadian texts listed in Steven Moore's The Novel An Alternative History Beginnings to 1600 If you're curious about these ancient texts and their history I would definitely recommend this book as a good starting point