READ & DOWNLOAD ✓ Migra! By Kelly Lytle Hernández

REVIEW ☆ REFLECTIONSLISBURNLTD.CO.UK Ð Kelly Lytle Hernández

REVIEW ☆ REFLECTIONSLISBURNLTD.CO.UK Ð Kelly Lytle Hernández This is the untold history of the United States Border Patrol from its beginnings in 1924 as a small peripheral outfit to its emergence as a large professional police force To tell this story Kelly Lytle Herná. I was interested in this book after hearing that the author was awarded a MacArthur grant for her book which “challenges long held beliefs about the origins ideology and evolution of incarceration and immigrant detention practices in the United States” But I found the book too theory heavy for my tastes and stopped reading But I did like the way she started the bookSpoken It’s a birdIt’s a planeNo man it’s a wetbacksung He cam from the sky but he is not a planeHe came in his spaceship from KryptonAnd by the looks of him he’s not AmericanHe’s someone like me — undocumentedSo the migrant should not workBecause even though it hurts Superman is an illegalHe’s a journalist and I am too;He didn’t serve in the army what a bumHe is white has blue eyes and is well formed;I’m dark skinned chubby and shortBut in my homeland I already marchedWith the coyote I paid when I crossedHe didn’t serve in the militaryHe doesn’t pay taxes and he wants to pass judgementHe doesn’t have diamonds or a license to flyI’ll bet he doesn’t even have a social security cardWe need to kick Superman out of hereAnd if it’s possible send him back to KryptonWhere is the emigration authorityWhat’s the news Mr Racism in the nationFor all I know they don’t fine him for flyingBut on the contrary they declare he’s SupermanJorge Lerma “Superman is an illegal alien” Toward the end of the Great Depression DC Comics launched its fantastic tale of an orphaned infant alien who grew up to become an American hero named Superman The Superman saga begins with the young hero’s dramatic arrival on earth Just moments before the destruction of his home planet Kyypton Superman’s parents rocket their infant son toward salvation in Kansas Adopted by a childless but moral and God fearing couple Superman spends his early years as nothing than an average Anglo American boy coming of age in rural America But beneath his external appearance he is different Unlike his neighbors Superman can fly melt steel and see through walls And unlike his neighbors Superman is an illegal alienThirty one years before Superman landed in American folklore the United States Congress passed the Immigration Act of 1907 This law reuired all immigrants entering the United States to pass through and official port of entry submit themselves to inspection and receive official authorization to legally enter the United States Dropping from the sky and failing to register with the U S Immigration authorities Superman entered the United States without authorization According to U S Immigration law the incorruptible leader of the Justice League of America was an illegal immigrant Yet the tale of Superman evolved free of any hint or consideration of his illegal status Surely Superman was just a fantasy and as such the character and narrative were not subject to the basic realities of U S Immigration restrictions But in the same years that Superman’s popularity soared the United States became a nation deeply divided over the issue of illegal immigration From congress to school boards Americans decried an “immigrant invasion” and a loss of control over the country’s borders These debates swirled around the issue of unsanctioned Mexican immigration at the U S Mexico border By the mid 1970s vigilantes were patrolling the border and congress was hosting explosive debates about how to resolve the so called wetback program As the issue of unauthorized Mexican immigration rippled across the political American landscape Chicano activist and songwriter Jorge Lerma asked his listeners to consider the irony of Superman’s enormous popularity “It’s a bird It’s a plane No man it’s a wetback” Shouted Lerma But few people took note that the iconic Man of Steel was an illegal immigrantLerma’s provocative interrogation of Superman’s forgotten illegal immigrant was a critiue of the U S Border Patrol’s nearly exclusive focus on policing Mexican immigrant workers despite many other possible subjects and methods of immigration law enforcement pgs 1 2

CHARACTERS Migra! By Kelly Lytle Hernández

READ & DOWNLOAD ✓ Migra! By Kelly Lytle Hernández º This is the untold history of the United States Border Patrol from its beginnings in 1924 as a small peripheral outfit to its emergence as a large professional police force To tell this story Kelly Lytle Hernández dug through a gold mine of lost and unseen records stored in Ndez dug through a gold mine of lost and unseen records stored in garages closets an abandoned factory and in US and Mexican archives Focusing on the daily challenges of policing the borderlands and bringing to. The history of border patrol imported the borderlands deeply rooted racial divide converting Mexicans as a weak “wetback brown faced” man looking for work early on and then as a “maniac criminal” involved in crime and drug trade

Kelly Lytle Hernández Ð 1 READ & DOWNLOAD

Migra! By Kelly Lytle HernándLight unexpected partners and forgotten dynamics Migra reveals how the US Border Patrol translated the mandate for comprehensive migration control into a project of policing Mexicans in the US Mexico borderlan. Informative and succint history that provides crucial context to the current situation